CAMPUS TAMBORÉ | MACKENZIE UNIVERSITY
Architecture: Francisco Spadoni and Lauresto Esher (authors); Selma Bosquê, Jaime Vega, Tomohiro Ishida, Nilson Zampoli, Luciano Cersósimo, Luciano Magno and Paula Pardo (team)
Consultants: Paulo Giaquinto (urbanism); MDH (hydrology)
Photos: Nelson Kon
Location: Barueri, SP, Brazil
Project Year: 2002
Site area: - 750.000m²
Built area: - 90.000m²
Built area: 90.000m²
Conceived in oder to acommodate higher learning courses, the design occupies the most rugged portion of the Alphaville campus, located in Barueri, a city in the western region of Greater São Paulo. With an area of 750 thousand square meters, this is the second campus of Mackenzie Presbiterian Institute, a traditional São Paulo institution with a North-American origin, founded in downtown São Paulo in 1870.
Situated close to large gated communities of upscale single family houses (mainly Alphaville and Tamboré), the campus was acquired in the late 1970s and started operating in the following decade, with a kindergarten, elementar and middle school.
The design created by Spadoni's team divided the program into two areas. The first occupies the flattest portion of the lot, which is the Olympic center, with a gymnasium that seats 3000, an aquatic center, an athletic center, a soccer field, rowing lane, and a civic plaza for ceremonies and recreation (with a food court).
The second area, in turn, takes up the most rugged portion of the lot and is intended for the educational sector, with buildings for classes, laboratories, a central library and service pavilions.
The fundamental criterion that guided the design was its adaptation to the rugged topography (with slopes that reach up to 40% and which can be defined as a large central mass surrounded by two lakes) utilizing minimal earthwork. Thus, the architectural approach envisioned a circulation axis on the peak, and civic squares connecting the educational buildings, set perpendicular to the contour lines.
For the authors, the proposal can be interpreted as "a large structure that can dialogue with its natural setting, as if it to complement it, yet demonstrative, via the quality of the buildings, a coherent action of man over nature".
One of the highlights of the design is a bridge-building, which spans the valley, conecting the main portion of the lot to a nearby hill. The educational buildings take on a generic character; they can be adapted to different uses, according to the needs of the institution (the only building with design that stands out is the one that houses the architecture course). In addition to the educational buildings, the campus program includes laboratories, a central library and service pavilions. Text by Fernando Serapião