Architecture: Spadoni AA – Francisco Spadoni and Tiago de Oliveira Andrade (authors); Carolina Garcia, Fábio Ucella, Mayra Simone dos Santos, Paula Gouvêa and Ricardo Canton (contest team); Carolina Mina Fukumoto, Emília Falcão Motoki, Fábio Ucella, Fernanda Maeda, Luciano Magno, Miguel Muralha, Nerino Caldo Júnior, Ricardo Canton and Sabrina Chibani (project team)
Structure: MS Engenharia Construction: Construtora Ápia Photos: Tiago de Oliveira Andrade
Location: Vitória, ES Project Year: 2007 Construction Year: 2012 Site area: 52.798 m2 Built area: 7.992 m2
This design won the public architectural competition sponsored by the city of Vitória and organized by the local department of the Institute of Architects of Brazil (IAB / ES). The purpose of said competition was to choose a suitable restructuring design for a public sports park, destined for both the enjoyment of the community and the training of athletes. Tancredo Neves Park, a.k.a. Tancredão, was originally design about two decades ago by local architect Alberto Vivácqua Campos. The piece of land were it is situated possesses a shaped that resembles a right triangle and sits on the banks of Santa Maria River, close to President Costa e Silva Bridge and the bus terminal. The lot belongs to the state government, who lent it to the capital for 25 - year period. Spadoni's team proposed a design characterized by an east - west orientated circulation axis that is 4 meters off the ground. in addition to creating an architectural promenade in the set, the circulation axis organizes the program by cutting the lot into two parts. Accessed via a set of ramps, the elevated axis is served through - out by a series of auxiliary facilities such as changing rooms. The southern portion in relation to the axis (where one finds the main entrance) is taken up by outdoors sports courts - like Footbal 7 Society, beach soccer and a skate ramp. The northern portion, in turn, is located close to the river and concentrates the built volumes such as the fitness center, the boathouse and gymnasium - the largest volume of the set. Capable of accommodating 1700 spectators, the gymnasium can serve many functions, from games to musical performances. The elevated circulation axix allows for easier access to the gymnasium, distributing the internal flow to the high and low areas of the stands. From a volumetric point of view, the gymnasium features a rectangular floor plan, bleachers placed on the longest sides and a roof that appears to float 3 meters above the base. Positioned at the southernmost end of the lot, close to President Costa e Silva Bridge, the tower that holds the water tank is the only vertical element of the set; it stands out in the area reserved for vehicle traffic. Text by Fernando Serapião
D. Pedro II Park
PRESENTED AT THE BIENAL INTERNACIONAL DE ARQUITETURA DE SÃO PAULO, 1997
Architecture: Francisco Spadoni (author); Roberto L. Ferreira, Laís Magalhães, Siméia Carvalho e Selma Faria (collaborators) Paula Moraes, Carolina Fontes, Melissa Paro, Eugênia Comenale, Norie Nakashima and Mario Mancuso (team)
Photos: Tiago de Oliveira Andrade
Location: São Paulo, SP Project Year: 1996 Intervention area: 118 ha
FOREST IN THE CITY: A MANIFESTO ON WHAT’S LEFT
First act: Dom Pedro II Park
Forest in the city is a project divided into two acts: one that sees it as a hypothesis and another that presents it is a possible solution.
In the first act, the proposal presented at the Competition for Sao Paulo’s New City Center in 1996, recreated for the 1997 Architecture Biennale, the forest emerges as a mediator between interstitial spaces and elevated roads, reinventing an image of nature, which, in this space and condition, is anything but natural.
The assumption was that it would be impossible to use what we still call Dom Pedro II Park, following its historic deterioration caused by the erection of large elevated structures and opportunistic buildings that took place since the 1960’s. However, its decay as an area for public use had begun much before that. The competition extended beyond the perimeter of the park, but in this specific area the issues were more complex, at least with regards to the problems that we decided to deal with.
The forest would be the antithesis of the park (also artificial); its use be prohibited. It is proposed as a way of absorbing the different designs that have been adopted throughout the years, from the original floodplain to the French-style park to the overpasses, resulting in a new whole dominated by thick vegetation. Its shape is defined by the edges of the old park, a forest in a mold, currently the result of an accidental outline created by a channeled river, the side roads, overpasses, etc. At the time of design, D. Pedro Park was the site of City Hall, in addition to a school and a military building. Said buildings would be preserved and their outlines would be defined in order to encapsulate them within the green envelope. They alone. The remaining spaces, composed of residual selections resulting from the construction of the elevated roads, would become part of the new green mass, disabling any form of use by the public and creating only a few tracks amidst the vegetation. Ultimately, we imagined a bio-system that would work on the scale of the city as a type of lung, activating a system of catalyzed neighborhoods around the central area. Those inside, however, could only enjoy it in movement. It is a landscape to be observed in motion, via the overpasses and metro or strolling the paths.
The forest hypothesis in said conditions is a false problem of recovery of a green area. It is proposed, above all, as a negative version of architecture on a large scale. It removes what remains of the built area, filling in gaps so they cannot be used, yet offers, in return, a new scale of landscape for the city.
Second act: Tietê and Pinheiros riverside roads
The hypothesis of a forest as the suppression of urban leftovers would have its second act a few years later, with the competition for the Pinheiros and Tietê riverside roads, between 1998 and 1999. Here a 42-kilometer long urban axis, composed of expressways and rivers, divides the city into three sections: North, Middle and South and concentrates several major establishments in the city: clubs, universities, parks and shopping centers. It constitutes the most radical element of the urban structure of São Paulo, a modern version of what may have been the effect caused by the railway in the 19th century. Its result and symbolism gave rise to what the city has assimilated in the last decades: expressway networks, channels detached from the historic layout of the rivers, critical occupation of riverbanks, and the like, without mentioning the difficulties in crossing.
As with the cities with a Portuguese design, geography sets the limit and the rivers, followed by their respective side roads, make up a barrier that, in the end, would appear as a remnant of a walled city. The occupation of this axis and its margins were the object of the design and, in this case, it appeared to us that the reemergence of the forest hypothesis would work, as opposed to its questionable fit in the City Center proposal. As a type of line, this forest did not have a form, but a development, the result of a typological variation. A typology of the landscape composed of identifiable elements: pathways, green patches / forest sidewalks and river, which take shape in accordance to the available space and configuration of the roadway. The design included a green patch with an average width of one kilometer, drawn up along the axis of the rivers. On the edges, it connects to empty spaces and areas of interest, such as parks or squares, giving continuity to what would transform once more the landscape based on the recovery of green areas.
Certainly, this was not the only element of the complex. To operate on the riverside roads and make reforestation viable, modifications of the underground water supply and sewage infrastructure were necessary. As with the D. Pedro Park project, the idea of construction of a landscape in movement, in this location, would be enhanced by the fact that it goes along the expressways and recomposes a belt, which forbids its use in a stricter fashion. The green ring swallowing the roads and breathing the river air would simply need a new system of bridges to aid crossing, reinforcing the wall that separates the three cities, but allowing them to interconnect more efficiently. Leftovers are filled in, roads are reorganized, and in this case as well, nothing collapses. The city seeks to recover through own structures.
COMPETITION FOR THE OLYMPIC GAMES 2016 AT RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL | 3RD PRIZE
Architecture: Francisco Spadoni and Tiago de Oliveira Andrade (authors); Jaime Vega, Mayra Simone dos Santos, Lauresto Couto Esher, Marcos Sartori, Paulo Catto, Natália Lorenzo and Elisa Felca Glória (team)
Consultant: Marcel Mendes
Location: Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil ProjectYear: 2011 Builtarea: 767.961,00m²
CAMPUS SÃO PAULO | MACKENZIE UNIVERSITY
Architecture: Francisco Spadoni and Lauresto Esher (authors); Selma Bosque e Luciano Magno (team)
Mackenzie coordinator: Marcel Mendes Photos: Tiago de Oliveira Andrade
Location: São Paulo, SP, Brazil Project Year: 2000 Site area: 60.000,00 m²
This campus' master plan consists of a rearrangement in order to expand the built area of Mackenzie Institute's HQ, which occupies since the late 19th century a lot in Higienópolis, in the central area of São Paulo. When the master plan was studied, the campus was found to possess an area of 60 thousand square meters and 35000 people passing through every day, The idea was increase the flow by 70% in 10 years. In order to achieve this, neighboring lots were acquired, allowing for new access routes and connections. One of the main ideas of the master plan was to demolish underutilized buildings and construct new ones, thereby concentrating the occupation mainly on the periphery of the lot, which takes up nearly a block. The design addressed pedestrian flow as priority and receive the Carlos Barjas Milan award from the Institute of Architects of Brazil / São Paulo (IAB-SP), in 2004. Text by Fernando Serapião
CAMPUS TAMBORÉ | MACKENZIE UNIVERSITY
Architecture: Francisco Spadoni and Lauresto Esher (authors); Selma Bosquê, Jaime Vega, Tomohiro Ishida, Nilson Zampoli, Luciano Cersósimo, Luciano Magno and Paula Pardo (team)
Consultants: Paulo Giaquinto (urbanism); MDH (hydrology)
Photos: Nelson Kon
Location: Barueri, SP, Brazil Project Year: 2002 Site area: - 750.000m² Built area: - 90.000m²
Built area: 90.000m²
Conceived in oder to acommodate higher learning courses, the design occupies the most rugged portion of the Alphaville campus, located in Barueri, a city in the western region of Greater São Paulo. With an area of 750 thousand square meters, this is the second campus of Mackenzie Presbiterian Institute, a traditional São Paulo institution with a North-American origin, founded in downtown São Paulo in 1870.
Situated close to large gated communities of upscale single family houses (mainly Alphaville and Tamboré), the campus was acquired in the late 1970s and started operating in the following decade, with a kindergarten, elementar and middle school.
The design created by Spadoni's team divided the program into two areas. The first occupies the flattest portion of the lot, which is the Olympic center, with a gymnasium that seats 3000, an aquatic center, an athletic center, a soccer field, rowing lane, and a civic plaza for ceremonies and recreation (with a food court).
The second area, in turn, takes up the most rugged portion of the lot and is intended for the educational sector, with buildings for classes, laboratories, a central library and service pavilions.
The fundamental criterion that guided the design was its adaptation to the rugged topography (with slopes that reach up to 40% and which can be defined as a large central mass surrounded by two lakes) utilizing minimal earthwork. Thus, the architectural approach envisioned a circulation axis on the peak, and civic squares connecting the educational buildings, set perpendicular to the contour lines.
For the authors, the proposal can be interpreted as "a large structure that can dialogue with its natural setting, as if it to complement it, yet demonstrative, via the quality of the buildings, a coherent action of man over nature".
One of the highlights of the design is a bridge-building, which spans the valley, conecting the main portion of the lot to a nearby hill. The educational buildings take on a generic character; they can be adapted to different uses, according to the needs of the institution (the only building with design that stands out is the one that houses the architecture course). In addition to the educational buildings, the campus program includes laboratories, a central library and service pavilions. Text by Fernando Serapião
OUC Água Branca
National Competition | Meritorious Honour Award
Architetcture: Francisco Spadoni (author); Tiago de Oliveira Andrade, Mayra Simone dos Santos, Marcos da Costa Sartori and Stefano Passamonti (co-authors); Lauresto Couto Esher, Julian Munhoz Courtier, Jaime Vega, Ari Felipe Miaciro Correia and Giulia Ricci (team)
Consultants: Iracy Fortes Sguillaro, Marcio Luiz Bezerra de Menezes de Souza Pacheco, Eduardo José Portella da Costa, Nídia Maria Hallage Coltri
Location: São Paulo, SP, Brazil Project Year: 2015 Site area: - m2 Built area: - m2